The Santa Maria was Christopher Columbus’ flagship on his first voyage to the New World. Therefore, Christopher Columbus set sail on board of the Santa Maria in 1492, alongside came the Nina and the Pinta.
However, they leaf the port of Palos in search of a westward route towards Asia. After that, Columbus sailed for six days towards the Canary Islands, then after 33 days sailing he reached the Bahamas island. In addition, Santa Maria was a second-hand medium size merchant vessel not meant for exploration. Santa Maria had a single deck and three masts. Secondly, Santa Maria was of the carrack type vessels developed in the fifteenth century by Portuguese. On the other hand, in the Atlantic Ocean and were widely used across Europe and later on by the Spanish to explore the world. In conclusion, the carracks usually had square sails on the foremast and mainmast and lateen sails on the mizzenmast and a high rounded stern.
Santa Maria was requisitioned by order of Queen Isabella and by contract with Christopher Columbus. Finally, the Santa María became Columbus’s flagship on the voyage as long as it was afloat.
Therefore, the fort was the first Spanish settlement in the New World, which Columbus had claimed for Spain.