A xebec, also spelled zebec, was a Mediterranean sailing ship that was used mostly for trading. Xebecs had a long overhanging bowsprit and aft-set mizzen mast.
The term can also refer to a small, fast vessel of the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries. Moreover, used almost exclusively in the Mediterranean Sea.
There were similar to galleys primarily used by Barbary pirates.
However, it have both lateen sails and oars for propulsion.
Early had two masts while later ships had three. ships featured a distinctive hull with pronounced overhanging bow and stern.
Moreover, rarely displaced more than 200 tons, making them slightly smaller and with slightly fewer guns than frigates of the period.
Nevertheless, These Chebec were easy to produce and were cheap, and thus nearly every corsair captain (Raïs) had at least one xebec in his fleet.
In addition, Some ships had only three guns. On the other hand, others had up to forty guns. Most importantly, the majority had around 20-30 canons, with swivel guns equipped.
After that, in 18th century, galleys became increasingly outdated and xebecs became the preferred Chebec Barbary pirates. In conclusion, thanks to their the effective use of wind power and maneuverability.
“Maquette de Bateau”
In French Xebec is know as : Maquette Bateau”, Handcraft by La Flotte Ltée- Bobato.